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'Life Sciences' 분야는 기술번역(산업번역)의 경우 medical, pharmaceutical, environmental이 주류다.
 
<'생명과학' 분류(위키피디아, Basic life science branches)>
 
* Biology(생물학) – scientific study of life
 
* Anatomy(해부학) – study of form and function, in plants, animals, and other organisms, or specifically in humans
 
* Astrobiology(우주생물학) – the study of the formation and presence of life in the universe
 
* Bacteriology(세균학) – study of bacteria
 
* Biotechnology(생명공학) – study of combination of both the living organism and technology
 
* Biochemistry(생화학) – study of the chemical reactions required for life to exist and function, usually a focus on the cellular level
 
* Bioinformatics(생물정보학) – developing of methods or software tools for storing, retrieving(검색), organizing and analyzing biological data to generate useful biological knowledge
 
* Biolinguistics(생물언어학) – the study of the biology and evolution of language
 
* Biological anthropology(생물인류학) – the study of humans, non-human primates, and hominids(인류 조상). Also known as physical anthropology.
 
*Biological oceanography(생물해양학)- the study of life in the oceans and their interaction with the environment
 
* Biomechanics(생체역학) – the study of the mechanics of living beings
 
*Biophysics(생물물리학) – study of biological processes by applying the theories and methods that have been traditionally used in the physical sciences
 
* Botany(식물학) – study of plants
 
* Cell biology (세포생물학) or Cytology(세포학) – study of the cell as a complete unit, and the molecular and chemical interactions that occur within a living cell
 
* Developmental biology(발달생물학)– the study of the processes through which an organism forms, from zygote(접합자) to full structure
 
* Ecology(생태학) – study of the interactions of living organisms with one another and with the non-living elements of their environment
 
*Enzymology(효소학) – study of enzymes
 
*Ethology(행동학) – study of behavior
 
* Evolutionary biology(진화생물학) – study of the origin and descent(혈통, 가계) of species over time
 
* Evolutionary developmental biology(진화발달생물학) – the study of the evolution of development including its molecular control
 
* Genetics(유전학) – the study of genes and heredity
 
* Histology(조직학) – the study of tissues
 
* Immunology(면역학) – the study of the immune system
 
* Microbiology(미생물학) – the study of microscopic organisms (microorganisms, 미생물군) and their interactions with other living organisms
 
* Molecular biology(분자생물학) – the study of biology and biological functions at the molecular level, some cross over with biochemistry, genetics, and microbiology
 
* Mycology(진균학) – the study of fungi
 
* Neuroscience(신경과학) – the study of the nervous system
 
* Paleontology(고생물학) – the study of prehistoric organisms
 
* Pathology(병리학)- the study of the causes and effects of disease or injury
 
* Pharmacology(약리학) – the study of drug action
 
* Phycology(조류학) – the study of algae
 
* Physiology(생리학) – the study of the functioning of living organisms and the organs and parts of living organisms
 
* Population biology(집단생물학) – the study of groups of conspecific(동종) organisms
 
* Quantum biology(양자생물학) – the study of quantum phenomena in organisms
 
* Structural biology(구조생물학) – a branch of molecular biology, biochemistry, and biophysics concerned with the molecular structure of biological macro-molecules(거대 분자)
 
* Synthetic biology(합성생물학) – the design and construction of new biological entities such as enzymes, genetic circuits and cells, or the redesign of existing biological systems
 
* Systems biology(시스템생물학) – the study of the integration and dependencies of various components within a biological system, with particular focus upon the role of metabolic pathways and cell-signaling strategies in physiology
 
* Theoretical biology(이론생물학) – the use of abstractions and mathematical models to study biological phenomena
 
* Toxicology(독성학) – the nature, effects, and detection of poisons
 
* Virology(바이러스학) - the study of viruses like submicroscopic(초현미경적, 너무 작아서 현미경으로 볼 수 없는), parasitic particles(기생충 입자) of genetic material(유전물질) contained in a protein coat – and virus-like agents
 
* Zoology(동물학) - the study of animals

 

 
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